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Orchid Care

Is your orchid epiphytic or terrestrial?

Orchids originally come from a tropical environment with plenty of humidity and light, but no direct sunlight. To care for them properly, it is particularly important to know which family they belong to. A distinction is made between:

Epiphytic orchids grow on trees or branches of other plants. Unlike parasites, however, they do not derive nutrients from their host. Their main characteristic is the aerial roots that grow separately and dry between rainy seasons. They need an open container with sufficient air supply and water drainage. Cattleya, Vanda, Phalaenopsis, and Dendrobium are epiphytic examples.

Terrestrial orchids, on the other hand, grow on the ground in water-rich soil or woody plants with foliage. Therefore, a permanently moist substrate is the best condition for Cymbidium, Miltonia, or Paphiopedilum.

The appropriate amount of water

Too much watering can kill some orchid types and incorrect watering is one of the most common causes of failure. Depending on the type of orchid, the season, and whether it is in growth or not, the amount and frequency of watering should vary (every 5 to 12 days on average). Remember that orchids, being tropical plants, always need a certain amount of humidity (about 50 to 70%). This is one of the reasons why a Phalaenopsis will be in full bloom in the bathroom!

Other tips

Orchids that need constant, consistent humidity (not wetness)

  •     Paphiopedilum
  •     Miltonia
  •     Cymbidium
  •     Dontoglossum

Orchids that need consistent himudity during their growth. Outside of their growth, however, they should dry out between waterings.

  •     Cattleya
  •     Oncidium
  •     Brassia
  •     Dendrobium

Orchids that almost dry out between waterings

  •     Phalaenopsis
  •     Vanda
  •     Ascocenda

Generally speaking, try to keep the leaves dry when watering your orchid. If it does get wet, simply dry it with a fine cloth or cotton ball.
Never allow water to collect in the pot, to keep the roots from rotting. In addition, direct sunlight should be avoided. Please also never cut off the aerial roots, as these are essential for your plant! We also recommend that you do not remove the orchid from its container. You can also use special monthly supplements for your orchid. However, less is more! As soon as the last flower of your orchid falls off, cut the stem straight above the lowest node. This will encourage the growth of potential flowering branches and if you continue to take such good care of your orchid, it will soon be back in new flowering glory!

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